Useful Tips for Retirement Planning
Retirement planning involves multiple steps you take over a long time. If you want to enjoy a fun, comfortable retirement, you must create the financial cushion to fund your plans.
In this article, we’ll provide you some useful tips you need to apply as early as now. Retirement planning will be easier and you’ll get better chances of hitting the jackpot when retired.
Consider Your Time Horizon
Your age and your expected time for retirement will lay the groundwork for your retirement strategy to work properly.
Simply put, the younger you are, the higher risks you can take until retirement. If you’re young and you got 30 or more years ahead of you, you should have the majority of your assets in riskier, higher yielding investments such as equities.
Even if there is volatility, stocks have historically performed better than other securities like bonds over longer periods.
In addition, your returns must outpace inflation so you can boost your purchasing power during retirement.
Also, the older you are, the more your portfolio should be concentrated on income and capital preservation.
Thus, you must allocate your capital to securities like bonds that don’t give you the returns of stocks but will be less volatile and will provide income you can use.
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Determine Your Retirement Needs
To define the required size of your retirement portfolio, you should have realistic expectations about your post-retirement spending habits.
Since retirees no longer work for eight hours or more per day, they have more time to travel, shop, and participate in other activities involving certain amount of expenses.
Also, if you want to buy a house or fund your child’s education after retirement, you might need more money.
You must include such factors in your consideration when planning for retirement. Update your plan once a year to ensure you’re on track when it comes to spending.
After-Tax Rate of Investment Returns
After you consider your time horizon and spending requirements, calculate the after-tax rate of return to assess the feasibility of the portfolio that produces the income.
A required rate of return that’s higher than 10% before taxes is usually an unrealistic expectation.
As you become older, this return threshold decreases. Low-risk retirement portfolios are usually composed of low-yielding fixed-income securities.
Depending on the retirement account, your investment returns are usually taxed. Thus, the actual rate of return should be calculated on an after-tax basis.
On the flipside, determining your tax status when you start withdrawing funds is a critical factor of the retirement planning process.
Risk Tolerance and Investment Goals
Another extremely important step in retirement planning is balancing the concerns of risk aversion and return goals.
Determine how much risk you are willing to take to achieve your investment goals.
Make sure you’re comfortable with the risks you take in the portfolio. Determine which things are really necessary and which can be forgone.
At the same time, this is something you need to discuss with your financial adviser and family. Stay on top of the planning process by determining which investments suit your risk tolerance and goals.
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